Urinalysis is a medical procedure used to diagnose disease or to screen for health problems. In some cases, kidney disease might be suspected based on what is found. However, in other cases, nothing important is found. The results of Urine Culture Test can be affected by diet, dehydration, medicines, exercise, and other factors. Sometimes, you will be asked to come back and give another sample.
Generally, the substances such as protein or glucose (sugar) will begin to appear in the urine before patients are aware that they may have a problem. Persistent protein in the urine is one of the earliest signs of chronic kidney disease. A large amount of glucose in the urine is a sign of potential diabetes. Urine tests can be used to diagnose urinary tract infections, if bacteria or white blood cells are found.
Complete urine examination performed at the best diagnostic centre helps to diagnose kidney diseases, urinary tract infections, diabetes and other metabolic disorders. The Urine test may be prescribed to keep a check on individuals who are undergoing treatment for diabetes or kidney disease.
What is a Complete Urine Examination?
A complete urine examination is conducted to detect abnormal constituents in urine. Several medical disorders can be detected by identifying and measuring the levels of such substances. As per the reports, blood cells, bilirubin, bacteria, pus cells, epithelial cells may be present in urine due to kidney disease or infection.
The three distinct phases of a complete urine analysis include: Visual examination helps in assessing the colour and clarity of the urine.
If urine looks cloudy, red, or reddish-brown, that may mean you have blood or pus in your urine. Sometimes kidney stones can be seen in the urine. The urine may have an odor such as maple syrup, rotting fish, or a moldy or musky smell. These smells can mean certain diseases.
It is done to test the urine for different substances and to obtain vital inputs about the health and disease status of an individual.
It is done to identify bacteria, mucus, cells, crystals and other compounds in the urine.
What is the purpose of the test?
Complete urine examination helps to diagnose kidney diseases, urinary tract infections, diabetes and other metabolic disorders. The test may be prescribed to keep a check on individuals who are undergoing treatment for diabetes or kidney disease.
When is the Urine test ordered?
This test may be prescribed when a person consults a physician complaining about painful urination, abdominal pain, and blood in urine. Complete urine examination may also be ordered as a part of routine health-check program or pregnancy health check-up.
How is the sample for Urine test collected?
A sample can be collected at any point in time, in a sterile container. The first-morning sample is preferable for a urine test. It is important to maintain hygienic and sterile conditions while collecting the sample.
How to prepare for Urine test?
No special preparation is required for the test. You don’t need to prepare for this test. But be sure your healthcare provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don’t need a prescription and any illegal drugs you may use.
What do the Urine test results mean?
Test results may vary depending on your age, gender, health history, the method used for the test, and other things. Your test results may not mean you have a problem. Ask your healthcare provider what your test results mean for you.
Urine often contains a number of chemicals and other substances. Urine is usually clear, with a pale yellow color. The pH should be between 4.5 and 8. This is a number on the scale of how acid or alkaline it is. Urine is normally free of protein, glucose, and ketones. An exam under the microscope will normally find up to 5 red blood cells, 5 white blood cells, and no bacteria. Results that are different from these may show that you have a certain health problem.
What is the procedure of Urine test?
This test is done with a urine sample. Your healthcare provider may ask you to collect the sample the first time you urinate in the morning because urine is the most concentrated at that time of day. Or you may be asked to collect all the urine you make during 12 or 24 hours. Or, you may be asked to provide a sample at your appointment.
In some cases, your healthcare provider may collect the sample by placing a small catheter directly into your bladder. If you are a male, the provider will put the catheter through the penis and urethra and into the bladder. While if you are a woman, the provider will put the catheter through the urethra into the bladder.
What might affect the Urine test results?
Menstrual blood can contaminate a urine sample. Vitamin C supplements, food coloring in candy, and the natural color in beets can affect the color of your urine.
Medicines can also affect your results:
- Anthraquinone laxatives
Urinalysis doesn’t answer all the questions about your health. It provides a clue. In fact, it can lead to more tests to understand what is happening. Protein in the urine is a sign of kidney disease. But a normal urinalysis does not guarantee that you do not have chronic kidney disease.
Some people will not release a significant amount of protein early in a disease process. Or, they may release protein only occasionally, so it is missed by a single urine sample. In someone who has ingested large amounts of water, making larger amounts of urine, small quantities of chemicals may be undetectable.
To check your general health, everyone should have a urinalysis or complete urine examination as a child and then periodically as an adult. Some doctors use it as part of a routine medical exam to screen for early signs of disease, including chronic kidney disease. If you already know you have diabetes, or chronic kidney disease, it will be used to monitor you. If a urinary tract infection is suspected, a urine test may show blood or bacteria in the urine.
If you need to undergo Complete Urine Examination, you must visit a well-equipped diagnostic center in Hyderabad.