All about Vitamin B12 tablets: Uses, Benefits and Risks

Vitamin B12 is an important supplement found naturally in meat, fish, and dairy products. Vitamin B12 is an essential element required for the normal functioning of the body and brain cells. Vitamin B12 is extensively used in medicines to cure many diseases like Alzheimer’s, cancer, strokes, and fatigue. They can be called direct energy boosters as vitamins convert carbohydrates into glucose that provides instant energy to the human body.

All about Vitamin B12 tablets

How to intake vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 deficiency is common in middle age and old people due to the lack in their daily diet. By improving your diet you can fulfill your daily requirement of vitamin B12. Yet vitamin B12 tablets are a tension free way to get all the nutrients you require. Vitamin B12 tablets are available under the packaging of different companies and you can choose anyone that your doctor suggests.

The daily intake of vitamin B12 differs with age. For infants and newborns 0.5mcg of vitamin B12 is sufficient. Children of 12 to 13 years can take about 1 to 2mcg which is an adequate intake. For teen ages, 2.4mcg is enough and pregnant women require 2.6mcg of vitamin B12.

Read More: Foods Rich in Vitamin B12

Common Health benefits of vitamin B12

Taking an adequate amount of vitamin B12 is important for your health and especially for women. Severe deficiency can cause serious illnesses and can be fatal.

  • Bone diseases 

Dropped levels of vitamin B12 have proven to cause severe bone diseases in elderly people and mostly women. It leads to osteoporosis when bones become brittle and fragile. It decreases deficiency of vitamin B12 so does the normal mineral density of bones which causes issues, especially in old age women.

  • Prevents anemia

Vitamin B12 tablets are effective in preventing and curing anemia. If there is severe vitamin B12 deficiency the low levels cause a reduction in cell formation. The shape of red blood cells also changes and becomes large and irregular. Due to low blood cell levels, your body cannot provide oxygen to all the vital organs of the body which causes weakness and fatigue. When taken properly, these supplements can help you in developing red blood cells which prevent anemia.  Vitamin B12 tablets have proven to be very effective against severe cases of anemia.

  • Brain functioning and developing neurons

In old people, the lack of an adequate amount of vitamin B12 results in memory loss, brain atrophy, and slowed mental responses. People suffering from dementia also showed that they had a deficiency of vitamin B12 in the early stages of the disease. If you do not consume a proper diet according to the body requirements severe deficiency of vital supplements occurs and brain functioning is below the normal limit. Administering vitamin B12 tablets is one of the major steps of the initial treatment of brain and neuron diseases. These supplements also help in developing neurons which aid in improving memory.

  • Improves physical health

With the other health benefits of vitamin B12, it also improves your physical outlook and maintains your hair skin, and nails. The early symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency can easily be traced to the symptoms that occur on your body parts like hyperpigmentation, discolored nails, and the change in skin color patches. Suffering from severe hair loss if you are suffering from hair loss and pigmentation on the skin then taking a vitamin B12 tablet every day can be the best possible solution.

  • Energy and mood booster

The possible effects of vitamin B12 tablets on mood are a mystery however it enhances the production of serotonin which gives a happy feeling. They improve and eat the mood swings and have proven to be effective along with antidepressants. They are also energy boosters and help in breaking up cholesterol to glucose. They are very helpful in curing early signs of weakness and give you support and energy.

  • Heart diseases

Research has proven that high levels of homocysteine likely to develop heart diseases and blockage of the coronary artery which results in stroke. Many vitamins such as vitamin B-complex, vitamin B6, B9, and B12 help in lowering the homocysteine levels. It lowers the risk of heart diseases by about 20%. Vitamin B12 tablets are not proven to cause any potential harm to heart patients and regulate your cardiac health.

Different forms of vitamin B12 tablets

Vitamin B12 is available directly as well as a component of multivitamin and multi-mineral tablets mostly B-complex supplements. Sublingual vitamin B12 tablets are also available which makes their usage easier. Methylcobalamin and hydroxycobalamin are the two common forms of vitamin B12 supplements available in drug stores. But there is an issue that the amount of vitamin B12 differs and is generally more like 500mcg or 1000mcg. It is much higher than the prescribed amount of vitamin B12. But it varies from person to person as the body absorption of everyone is different for different supplements.

Who is at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency?

  • People who do not intake sufficient dairy products and are vegans or vegetarians can develop severe vitamin B12 deficiency. Because naturally available vitamin B12 is found in dairy products. So, the other option left for them is to use some good vitamin B12 supplements.
  • Patients who suffer from some pancreatic or stomach diseases are unable to absorb nutrients properly. They develop mineral and vitamin deficiencies which result in sudden weight loss and weakness.
  • People who have eating disorders cannot attain good health without proper vitamin and mineral supplements, especially vitamin B12 tablets.
  • HIV and diabetic patients are at a greater risk of having chronic vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Old age brings many diseases with it and the greatest vitamin deficiency is of vitamin B12.


Vitamin B12 is extremely important for your body like any other nutrient and is excessively found in animal fats and dairy products. Prolonged deficiency of vitamin B12 can result in headaches, fatigue, cognitive issues, and digestion problems. Elderly women are at risk of having mineral and vitamin deficiencies, especially those who are vegans. The doctors recommend oral supplements in most cases however in extremely weak and efficient patients they can introduce injections.

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