Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) Test: How to Prepare | UCSF Radiology

It is essential for heterosexual couples who are trying to conceive a child to have a solid grasp of the factors that might affect their fertility. The hysterosalpingogram (HSG) test is one example of this kind of diagnostic procedure that plays an important part in determining whether or not a woman is fertile. 

This treatment helps uncover any blockages or abnormalities in the fallopian tubes and the uterus, both of which might impede a couple’s ability to successfully conceive a child. 

If you are thinking of getting an HSG test center in Bangalore, this detailed guide will give you the information you need to know about the test itself, as well as its advantages, how to be ready for it, and what to anticipate from it.

Understanding the HSG Test

The hysterosalpingogram (HSG) test is a radiologic procedure that includes injecting a contrast dye into the uterus and fallopian tubes in order to evaluate the structure of these organs and establish whether or not they are operating correctly. 

The dye assists in highlighting any abnormalities, such as blockages, polyps, fibroids, or other structural difficulties that may be preventing fertility. These abnormalities include the following: blockages, polyps, and fibroids.

The HSG test center in Bangalore is typically performed by a radiologist or an infertility specialist. It is usually scheduled between days 7 and 12 of the menstrual cycle, when the lining of the uterus is thin.

During the procedure, a thin catheter is inserted through the cervix, and the contrast dye is slowly injected. X-ray images are taken in real-time as the dye travels through the uterus and fallopian tubes, allowing the doctor to evaluate the shape, size, and patency of these reproductive organs.

Benefits of the HSG Test

The HSG test is extremely helpful in the detection of probable fertility problems because it offers insightful information regarding the female reproductive system. Here are some significant benefits of undergoing an HSG test:

Evaluation of Fallopian Tubes

The HSG test is an especially helpful diagnostic tool for identifying whether or not the fallopian tubes are open and working normally. If the tubes are damaged or blocked in any way, either the sperm will not be able to reach the egg or the fertilized egg will have a difficult time making its way to the uterus.

Detection of Uterine Abnormalities

The method is helpful in determining whether or not the uterus contains any structural abnormalities, such as uterine fibroids, polyps, or adhesions. Implantation may not occur properly or a woman may not be able to carry the pregnancy to term if she has one of these disorders.

Confirmation of Tubal Sterilization

An HSG test can determine whether or not a woman’s tubal ligation was successful by determining whether or not the fallopian tubes are totally blocked. This is done for women who have undergone tubal sterilisation, also known as tubal ligation.

Enhanced Fertility Treatment Planning

If the HSG test reveals any abnormalities, the results can help the fertility specialist select the most effective course of therapy, which may include in vitro fertilisation (IVF), surgical intervention, or one of the many additional reproductive procedures.

Preparing for the HSG Test 

It is absolutely crucial to have a conversation with your healthcare practitioner in order to obtain all of the relevant information and instructions before arranging an HSG test. Here are some general guidelines to remember:


The HSG test is normally carried out after the end of your menstrual cycle but prior to the onset of ovulation. It is absolutely necessary to plan the examination during the time that is recommended within your menstrual cycle.


It is important that you tell your doctor about any medications you are presently taking, including any over-the-counter medications, as these could potentially affect the findings of the test. Before you go in for the operation, your physician might recommend that you stop taking certain drugs temporarily.

Infection Prevention 

To minimize the risk of infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics before the HSG test. It is important to follow the prescribed dosage and complete the full course.

Allergy Precautions

If you have a known allergy to iodine or shellfish, inform your doctor beforehand, as the contrast dye used in the HSG test may contain iodine. Alternative arrangements can be made to minimize the risk of an allergic reaction.

Comfort Measures

You may experience some discomfort during the procedure. Taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, before the test can help alleviate any potential cramping or pain.

What to Expect During and After the HSG Test 

You will be asked to lie on an examination table during the HSG test, just like you would during a pelvic exam. Your gynaecologist or obstetrician will examine your cervix with the aid of a speculum that will be inserted into your vagina. 

After that, a thin catheter will be introduced through the cervix, and the contrast dye will be slowly delivered into the patient over the course of a few minutes. 

As the dye fills the uterus and moves through the fallopian tubes, you may feel a faint cramping sensation or a feeling of pressure. These sensations may last for a few minutes.

During the entire process, a radiologist or other specialist will utilise X-ray imaging to track how far the dye has travelled and to take pictures of the affected area. 

It’s possible that in order to get clearer photos, we’ll urge you to switch postures or briefly hold your breath. Following the HSG test, you can experience some light cramping or light bleeding for the next day or two. 

During this time of the month, it is recommended that you use sanitary pads rather than tampons. 

The results of the test will be discussed with you by your doctor, who will also explain any findings that were made as well as the implications those findings have for your fertility. In the event that any anomalies are uncovered, other diagnostic procedures or therapies can be suggested.


The HSG test is an essential diagnostic technique that is used to evaluate female fertility and discover any structural abnormalities that may be affecting the patient’s ability to conceive a child. 

You will be able to acquire crucial insights into your reproductive health if you go through with this procedure at an HSG Test Centre in Bangalore. Additionally, you will be able to collaborate with your healthcare physician to build a suitable treatment plan. 

Remember to communicate any concerns or questions you may have with your doctor, as they are your best resource for providing personalised guidance and support as you navigate the process of becoming a parent.