It is never quite clear what it is, that clicking noise that comes from the knee. Did it somehow sleep on the articulation wrong? Did it somehow get tweaked while jogging, or was it standing idle for too long? Suddenly the clicking sound starts becoming an annoying discomfort. While no amount of stretching and limbering exercises seem to bring relief, the ache starts to swell. It becomes a constant annoying pain that makes everyday activities a challenging endeavor. So, knee pain? Here is a way to get instant relief with simple steps.
Firstly and most importantly, make sure to assess the nature of your injury; while it might be challenging to find the cause, it is recommended to figure out if the injury can be treated at home. An ice & heat pack can help a lot to relieve the pain. Check out bodyice.com, where you’ll find a variety of packs to choose from. This online store offers a wide range of ice packs and heat packs that can be used to treat a wide range of injuries and pain.The knee is a complex articulation that is made up of several ligaments and muscles that allow the joint to enjoy its explosive power and flexibility. If the pain is so intense it is difficult to stand on, or if there is excessive swelling, then a doctor should be consulted. It is not the best idea to home treat a complex injury.
There are plenty of methods of treating injuries at home that can bring relief with simple steps. Generally speaking, a person is trying to fight off two things: the sensation of pain and the swelling of the joint. Unless you are part salamander and can regenerate tissue in a matter of moments, healing takes time for a healthy body. Yet relief from pain is achievable.
Table of Contents
The knee is a complex joint in the body and is made up of several ligaments that help it function. The knee joint to the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia). The tibia is known as the bone that runs alongside the tibia (fibula) and then meets at the kneecap (patella). These bones join to the knee. The ligament’s anterior cruciate prevents the femur from falling or sliding backward on the tibia.
The posterior cruciate prevents the femur from going forward on the tibia, and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments keep the femur from sliding from side to side. There are two C-shaped cartilage pieces named medial and lateral menisci that function much like a car’s shock absorbers and are located between the femur and tibia. There are fluid-filled sacs that keep the knee moving smoothly, called numerous bursae.
With such a complex composition, it is easy to assume that the knee, even though resilient, can be injured. An active lifestyle usually leads to some sort of injury in the long run, and while most can simply be solved with long periods of rest, there are others that require medical attention.
Knee Osteoarthritis: one of the most common forms of arthritis and one of the pointed-out ways the knee can be in pain. This type of injury is brought on by the wear and tear of the cartilage because of years of use. The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis include knee pain, stiffness of the joint, and swelling.
Knee Effusion: the constant build-up of fluid within the knee brought about by any form of arthritis or injury can cause knee effusion.
A.C.L. (anterior cruciate ligament) Strain or Tear: one of the most quoted ways of injury in sports, a torn A.C.L. is a significant injury that often leads to the knee turning off. Frequently the person tries to stand on the injured leg and step forward only to fall down. This type of injury requires immediate medical attention and surgery.
Chondromalacia Patella (Patellofemoral Syndrome): the cartilage located underside the kneecap becomes irritated and, in some cases, inflamed.
P.C.L. (Posterior Cruciate Ligament) Strain or Tear: this injury frequently causes pain, swelling, and weakness in the knee, accompanied by a sense of instability. Fortunately, less common than A.C.L. tears the injury can be treated with physical therapy rather than surgery.
MCL (Medial Collateral Ligament) Strain of Tear: this injury is suffered on the inner side of the knee and is the source of pain and instability.
Gout: the build-up of uric acid crystal in the articulation and another form of arthritis. This injury can cause episodes of severe discomfort, pain, and swelling. Patellar Subluxation: the kneecap moves around abnormally or feels dislocated on the thigh bone during activity.
Patellar Tendonitis: inflammation of the tendon connecting to the patella and the shin bone. This type of injury is usually suffered by professional athletes who participate in sports with a lot of jumping.
Knee Bursitis: swelling and a warm sensation by the bursae of the knee. Often suffered from the overuse of or injury. This is usually suffered by long-distance runners.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: a condition brought about by the body’s autoimmune condition that can cause arthritis in any joining, especially the knee. If left unattended rheumatoid can cause long-term joint damage.
Pseudogout: arthritis, very similar to gout, yet caused by calcium pyrophosphate crystals settling in the knee or other joints.
Septic Arthritis: caused by bacteria, a virus, or fungus growing inside the knee that leads to inflammation, pain, swelling, and a general sense of difficulty moving the joint. Fortunately uncommon, the condition is severe and grows worse quickly if not treated.
Fortunately, several alternative treatments for the knee are needed before surgery. Knee pain can be treated at home R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation); pain medication; usually, over-the-counter options such as Tylenol (acetaminophen), Motrin (ibuprofen) or Aleve (naproxen) are all appropriate options for treating knee pain. The use of linament or massage oils on the skin can bring relief thanks to the components in the balm, depending on the brand.
The injuries that require a more medical approach still have options before having to resort to physical therapy can be appropriate when it comes to strengthening the muscles around the knee to increase stability, the use of cortisone injections for pain deduction, and treating swelling. Hyaluronan Injection is the infusion of material into the joint to reduce pain from arthritis and slow the deterioration of the knee to postpone surgery. While these procedures aren’t quick fixes and require medical attention, they might be necessary for more complicated injuries or health conditions.
Focusing on the RICE method for pain relief promises to be the most effective at-home treatment. Most of the therapy focuses on finding ways of fighting off swelling or buying time to allow the articulation to heal. Compression plays an important part, especially for those who seek to continue training despite the discomfort of pain.
Compression, athletic, or Kinesiology sports tape can be essential to help get quick relief. The proper application of tape can help improve stability and fight off pain. Athletic tape works by applying pressure on the joint; this pressure fights off the accumulation of fluids that lead to swelling, and swelling leads to pain. The tape’s constant pressure keeps the fluids at bay and allows blood to carry oxygen to the articulation; this, in turn, increases relief.
The tape is strong enough to last on the skin for several days, and there is more to its application than simply wrapping the knee like a mummy wrap. There are several resources online that teach proper application. Once the discomfort is assessed, be sure to consult as to best increase pain relief.
Direct pressure, as used in a massage, may help relieve some of the pain and stiffness in the knee. Keep in mind that while it is primarily helpful, it can worsen if too much pressure is used.
- Above and Below the knee: Use the hands to knead the quadriceps, and keep moving down the knee joint and back. Focus on any area that feels tender. Focus some pressure on the inner and outer thighs to compliment the quadriceps.
- Cross-Friction massage: Use slight pressure to massage side to side on the area below the kneecap. That squishy part is just under the kneecap. Move your hands across the knee, not up and down.
The benefits of a massage and making a soothing home remedy for knee pain bring fast relief. Points that should be focused on.
- Massage surrounding muscles, quadriceps, glutes, hamstrings, and calves.
- Cross-friction massage around the patella and knee cap.
Using a reusable gel ice pack to fight the injury’s swelling is yet another critical instrument. Cold temperatures keep the swelling down and, much like the compression tape, allow blood flow to reach the injured area.
These small steps can allow a person to find relief with straightforward steps. Yet keep in mind that while treating pain is vital, so the day’s activities do not have to end, the body still needs rest and time to fully heal. If you’d like to learn more about knee pain, treatments and symptoms, check out this page for more information on the topic, especially in the context of Singapore.