The science is very clear about alcohol and pregnancy: Women should stop drinking alcohol completely when they are pregnant. There is no known safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy. There is also no safe time to drink during pregnancy and all types of alcohol are equally harmful, including wines and beer.
What happens if you drink while pregnant? The alcohol in your blood passes through the umbilical cord, and reaches the amniotic fluid and the unborn baby. Because of the way the body works, the fetus will actually be exposed to higher concentrations of alcohol than the mother.
This is very dangerous. First of all, alcohol use during pregnancy can cause problems for a developing baby and can have a significant impact on a child’s brain development before it is born. In addition, studies show that alcohol use is associated with low birth weight and length, and even miscarriage. Such problems may compel you to go for Fertility treatments.
When babies are exposed to alcohol in the womb, they are at risk of developing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs). There are three types of FASDs: fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) and alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD). Babies with FASDs suffer from a wide range of problems, including physical defects, and problems with behavior and learning. These problems will be with them for all their lives.
It used to be thought that these alcohol-related problems only happened with very heavy alcohol use, such as binge drinking. However, the newest research shows that any alcohol use during pregnancy, even low levels, is associated with subtle, yet significant behavioural and psychological effects in children, including anxiety, depression and poor attention. And drinking even moderate amounts of alcohol may decrease the chances of a successful live birth.