What Are the Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids?

Noncancerous uterine growths known as uterine fibroids can appear during the childbearing years. While not all fibroids create symptoms, it’s nevertheless vital to recognize the warning indications that may point to the existence of them. 

This article will discuss five key symptoms that may be associated with uterine fibroids. By understanding these symptoms, individuals can proactively address their uterine fibroids and explore treatment options to alleviate discomfort and maintain their reproductive health.

1. Menstrual Changes

Uterine fibroids commonly result in changes in menstrual bleeding, manifesting as heavy, prolonged periods, irregular menstrual cycles, and painful cramps during menstruation. Menstrual bleeding can become significantly heavier, often leading to anemia due to excessive blood loss, and periods may last longer than the typical 5-7 days. The irregularity of menstrual cycles can make planning daily activities challenging, while severe cramps and the formation of blood clots can intensify discomfort. 

It’s crucial to remember that while these menstrual changes are frequent symptoms of uterine fibroids, they can vary in severity among individuals, and consultation with a healthcare provider is advisable for a proper diagnosis and discussion of potential treatment options. Uterine fibroids may impact fertility and overall quality of life, underscoring the importance of addressing their symptoms.

2. Pelvic Pain and Pressure

Pelvic discomfort and a sensation of pressure or fullness in the lower abdomen are common side effects of uterine fibroids. The extent of discomfort can vary, but it’s a common symptom associated with these noncancerous growths. Larger fibroids can exert pressure on adjacent organs, such as the bladder or rectum, causing issues like frequent urination or constipation. 

The pressure and discomfort can disrupt daily activities, work, and personal life, potentially leading to reduced quality of life for affected individuals. This symptom can be particularly troublesome, and women who suspect they have uterine fibroids should seek uterine fibroid treatment in Memphis, TN, or in their area, to alleviate these symptoms and improve their overall well-being.

3. Painful Intercourse

For women with uterine fibroids, the impact of these growths isn’t limited to menstruation or pelvic discomfort; they can also affect intimate aspects of life. Fibroids located near the surface of the uterus, or those growing within the uterine wall, can lead to pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse. This discomfort can result from the pressure and bulk of fibroids, causing pain or a feeling of fullness during sexual activity. 

Painful intercourse can significantly affect a woman’s quality of life and intimate relationships, leading to emotional and psychological distress. It’s essential for individuals experiencing this symptom to seek medical advice and explore treatment options. Addressing painful intercourse due to uterine fibroids can help improve not only physical comfort but also emotional and relational well-being.

4. Backache or Leg Pains

Uterine fibroids, though primarily associated with pelvic symptoms, can also have indirect effects on other parts of the body. In some cases, fibroids can press on nerves in the pelvic region, leading to unexpected symptoms such as backaches or leg pains. The discomfort in the lower back or legs can be linked to nerve compression caused by the presence of fibroids. These symptoms may vary in severity and can be intermittent or chronic. 

While backaches and leg pains are not among the most common symptoms of uterine fibroids, they can occur and have a substantial impact on an individual’s daily life, making it important for those experiencing such discomfort to seek medical evaluation and discuss potential treatment options. Addressing these symptoms not only relieves physical pain but also contributes to an overall improvement in well-being and quality of life.

5. Abdominal Enlargement

In some rare instances, uterine fibroids, particularly larger ones or when multiple fibroids are present, can lead to the enlargement of the uterus. This enlargement can result in a noticeable increase in abdominal girth, which may be mistakenly attributed to weight gain or even pregnancy. Such abdominal enlargement due to fibroids can cause physical discomfort, impact one’s self-esteem, and raise concerns about overall health. 

If you’re experiencing these symptoms, it’s crucial to seek professional consultation for effective understanding and management of the condition. Addressing uterine fibroids through various treatments, including medication, minimally invasive procedures, or surgery, can help alleviate the symptoms and reduce abdominal enlargement, thus enhancing physical and emotional well-being.


Understanding the signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids is essential for prompt diagnosis and treatment. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s essential to consult a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and treatment options. Ignoring the symptoms of uterine fibroids can lead to complications and a lower quality of life, so seeking timely medical attention is vital for effective management of this condition.