The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located near the middle of the back, just below the rib cage. When blood flows through the kidneys, waste products and excess water are removed from the blood and sent to the bladder as urine. The kidneys also regulate blood pressure, balance chemicals like sodium and potassium, and make hormones to help bones grow and keep the blood healthy by making new red blood cells.
For the treatment, you must visit some of the best Kidney hospital in Hyderabad and ensure your kidney health. There are two types of kidney diseases such as Acute Kidney Disease and Chronic Kidney Disease. Acute kidney disease may result from an injury, poisoning, or other temporary illness that affects the kidneys. Any injury that results in loss of blood may reduce kidney function temporarily, but once the blood supply is replenished, the kidneys usually return to normal. Other kinds of acute kidney disease in children include Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome and Nephrotic Syndrome.
Unfortunately, the conditions that lead to chronic kidney failure in children cannot be easily fixed. Often, the condition will develop so slowly that it goes unnoticed until the kidneys have been permanently damaged. Treatment may slow down the progression of some diseases, but in many cases the child will eventually need dialysis or transplantation.
What are the symptoms of kidney disease?
Each person may have different symptoms. But, these are the most common symptoms of kidney disease:-
- Frequent headaches
- Itchiness all over the body
- Blood in the urine
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Puffiness around eyes, swelling of hands and feet
- Skin may darken
- Muscle cramps or pain in small of back just below the ribs (not aggravated by movement)
- High blood pressure
What causes problems with the kidneys?
Problems with the kidneys may include health conditions, such as kidney failure, kidney stones, and kidney cancer. These problems with the kidneys may be caused by:
Aging – As we age, changes in the structure of the kidneys can cause them to lose some of their ability to remove wastes from the blood. The muscles in the ureters, bladder, and urethra also tend to lose some of their strength. But this alone does not cause chronic kidney diseases.
Illness or injury – Damage to the kidneys caused by illness, inflammation, immune responses, or an injury can also prevent them from filtering the blood completely or block the passage of urine. Diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension) are the leading causes of kidney disease.
Toxicity – The kidneys may be damaged by substances, such as certain medicines, a buildup of some substances in the body, or toxic substances such as poisons.
What are other conditions that affect the kidney?
There are a few other conditions or circumstances that can cause kidney disease.
Glomerulonephritis: Glomerulonephritis is a group of diseases that cause inflammation and damage the kidney’s filtering units. These disorders are the third most common type of kidney disease.
Inherited diseases: Polycystic kidney disease, or PKD, is a common inherited disease that causes large cysts to form in the kidneys and damage the surrounding tissue.
Kidney and urinary tract abnormalities before birth: Malformations that occur as a baby develops in its mother’s womb. For example, a narrowing may occur that prevents normal outflow of urine and causes urine to flow back up to the kidney. This causes infections and may damage the kidneys.
Autoimmune diseases: When the body’s defense system, the immune system, turns against the body, it’s called an autoimmune disease. Lupus nephritis is one such autoimmune disease that results in inflammation (swelling or scarring) of the small blood vessels that filter wastes in your kidney.
Obstructions caused by kidney stones or tumors can cause kidney damage. An enlarged prostate gland in men or repeated urinary infections can also cause kidney damage.
What are the risk factors of kidney disease?
Anyone can get chronic kidney disease at any age. However, some people are more likely than others to develop kidney disease. You may have an increased risk for kidney disease if you have,
- High Blood Pressure
- A family history of kidney failure
What will happen if my doctor suspects chronic kidney disease?
Your doctor will want to pinpoint your diagnosis and check your kidney function to help plan your treatment. The doctor will perform these blood and urine tests:-
Albumin to creatine ratio urine test: Albumin is a protein that shouldn’t be found in urine and indicates kidney function problems.
Blood test for creatinine: This determines if there is too much creatinine, a waste product, in the blood.
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR): The doctor will calculate your Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) using the results from the tests and other factors like age and gender. The result of the GFR is the best way to measure your level of kidney function and determine your stage of kidney disease.
Kidney Disease Treatment
Kidney disease complications can be controlled to make you more comfortable. Treatments might include:-
High blood pressure medications – People with kidney disease can have worsening high blood pressure. Your doctor might recommend medications to lower your blood pressure commonly angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers and to preserve kidney function.
Medications to relieve swelling – People with chronic kidney disease often retain fluids. This can lead to swelling in the legs as well as high blood pressure. Medications called diuretics can help maintain the balance of fluids in your body.
Medications to treat anemia – Supplements of the hormone erythropoietin, sometimes with added iron, help produce more red blood cells. This might relieve fatigue and weakness associated with anemia.
Medications to lower cholesterol levels – Your doctor might recommend medications called statins to lower your cholesterol. People with chronic kidney disease often have high levels of bad cholesterol, which can increase the risk of heart disease.
Medications to protect your bones – Calcium and vitamin D supplements can help prevent weak bones and lower your risk of fracture. You might also take medication known as a phosphate binder to lower the amount of phosphate in your blood and protect your blood vessels from damage by calcium deposits (calcification).
To reduce the amount of work your kidneys must do, your doctor might recommend eating less protein. A registered dietitian can suggest ways to lower your protein intake while still eating a healthy diet.
If you are suffering from the symptoms of kidney disease, you must visit a suitable doctor of some of the reputed hospitals such as Sri Sri Holistic Hospitals.